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Global Justice Turns Down Bulk of Ukraine’s Charges Against Russia: A Major Development!

Body of the Article: The recent ruling by the International Court of Justice (ICJ), widely known as the World Court, dismissing a substantial portion of Ukraine’s case against Russia has elicited diverse reactions across the globe. This landmark decision not only causes immediate reverberations in both countries involved, but it also affects international jurisprudence and diplomatic relations. In 2017, Ukraine instituted proceedings against the Russian Federation on two principal fronts. First, Ukraine accused Russia of financing acts of terrorism by supplying weapons and other forms of support to separatist groups in Eastern Ukraine; second, it claimed that Russia was discriminating against ethnic Ukrainians and Crimean Tatars in the Crimean peninsula, which Russia annexed from Ukraine in 2014. In its sweeping decision, the World Court ruled that it does not have jurisdiction over the majority of the legal issues presented by Ukraine. The ICJ stated that it can only assess whether Russia had breached its obligations under two treaties — the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism (ICSFT) and the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD). The court noted that while the financing of terrorism claim could proceed to merits phase, Ukraine had not successfully presented its case that Russia violated the ICERD. The court stated that claims related to Russia’s alleged discrimination against ethnic Ukrainians and Crimean Tatars were beyond its jurisdiction because they were interlinked with the broader issue of the annexation of Crimea, which was outside the scope of the ICERD. This dismissal of the majority of Ukraine’s claims represents a significant setback for the country in its long battle against Russia. The ruling also implicitly underscores the limitations of international courts in adjudicating highly complex and deeply political questions. However, the court’s decision to allow the financing and terrorism allegations to proceed indicates its willingness to address the most serious claims. Although the dismissal may seem like a victory for Russia, it’s important to note that this isn’t a pronouncement on the guilt or innocence of the nation in these allegations. Rather, it is an adjudication on the limits of the court’s jurisdiction. What it demonstrates is the ICJ’s adherence to both procedural integrity and its limited mandate as defined by the United Nations Charter. Based on this ruling, it is clear that the geopolitical tug-of-war between these two nations will continue to play out on the diplomatic stage as well as within the legal arena. The decision taken by the World Court

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