The stock market continues to be the focus of conversation in financial circles – and a confirmed head and shoulder pattern on the S&P 500 has been confirmed, indicating a potential change in investor sentiment. A head and shoulder pattern occurs when a peak forms on a stock’s price chart and is followed by two lower peaks that do not rise above the first peak. This classic indicator is seen as a sign of an impending bear market. What is so noteworthy about this current head and shoulder pattern on the S&P 500 is that it is the first one to be seen since the one that preceded the market crash in 2008. The current head and shoulder pattern has formed over the last eighteen months as the S&P 500 has dropped from its peak at the beginning of 2018. These movements indicate a shift in investor sentiment and a possible slowdown in the bull market that has been seen in the US market over the past few years. Observers of the market caution investors to take heed of the bearish sentiment that is being seen in the charts. At the same time, a head and shoulder does not necessarily mean that a market crash will occur – a break in the pattern could occur that could indicate a shift in investor sentiment away from a bear market. It is important to remember that the market can remain unpredictable and that swift changes can happen without warning. Investors should pay close attention to the developments in the market and use technical analysis to stay informed of shifts in investor sentiment. The current head and shoulder pattern could be the beginning of a longer-term shift away from the positive market conditions, or it could break away entirely. The next few months will be closely watched to see what the market may hold for investors.